Τετάρτη, 30 Δεκεμβρίου 2009

The science of art

The other day i was watching a video in youtube (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-CwICXwLBmo&feature=SeriesPlayList&p=81D26D4A47388279 )and i was pretty amazed.I know that music taste is something subjective, but i think that only the trully beautiful music is the one that stays forever.And this is objective.Only objectively beautiful music lasts.
But the question is what makes a music objectically beautiful?Watching this video , anyone can agree that this piece of art is beautiful.And visiting Acropolis in Athens anyone also can agree that these buildings are beautiful.Some say that the latter are beautiful, because (as with other monuments), they were built based on some certain proportions, which are the number symbolized as π and φ.The value of the first one is 1,618 and the value of the second one is 3,14.If somebody puts all the measures of the pyramids or acropolis in a computer, and compare its proportions, he can always find these numbers appearing.
So , one can say that the creation of these monuments were either built based on the knowledge that these number give perfect results, either these numbers are the natural results of perfectness and absolute beauty.Did their creators made art scientifically or they were just making perfect art?
The answer in this question is that whatever happened, it didnt matter, and its not important for us to know, because they are the different side of the same object.Perfect art can be scientifically explained, but can science create perfect art?in other words, were Ictinos and Kallicrates mathematicians or artists?
The same thing can someone wonder about music.I dont know if anyone has tried to analyze these shapes that we see in the video, and check if the numbers of proportions of the shapes were found to be the same as in the pyramids or the parthenon, but i know that if there was perfect music, from thousand years b.c. that everyone agreed about its perfectness, probably if it was analyzed in a way, it would give us the numbers π and φ.
I wonder if someone can do the opposite thing.To make music from these bar graphs!(i dont know if someone has ever had this idea before, and i mean making music from numbers, but i think that if this is doable, i think that these bar graphs are the key to do it.They are simple, and they reflect with the most simple and objective way what we hear and when we hear it.It is music in a shape!

Τρίτη, 21 Ιουλίου 2009

what is life?all depends on the observer!!!(continue from previous post)

In this point, someone would ask:Why are the forms of life the way they are today?In other words, what gave them their shape, and their characteristics?How can simple reactions lead to the complicated forms we see today?The answer is that the forms we see today are the result of what had happened, so we(the results), see ourselves as the most capable to survive, which is true, because thats what happened.One way or another, the results(the final reactions) survived a procedure, and so, for their own eyes, they are the most capable to survive.Evert single characteristic has its meaning.This is true not only for characteristics of the body, but also for properties such as calculations, moving, spatial ability, travelling, etc.The fact that we went to the moon, has a meaning only because we are human, but we achieved so accurate calculations and went there as a result of our surviving ability.

Πέμπτη, 18 Ιουνίου 2009

the seeds of beauty and its components

Logically speaking, when somebody is going to the gym, in order to achieve the maximum aesthetic result he tries to workout muscles of both sides(left and right) equally, in order to achieve the maximum symmetry possible!!That is very difficult because people are either left handed or right handed, and normally one side is more trained than the other.this leads to small body asymmetries , because the more trained side is slightly more massive than the other side!!
The same thing happens with the face.What makes a face is bones, skin and muscles.And we know that the more the one side is identical to the other side, the more attractive is the face considered.That is symmetry.What does that mean?How can an individual intervene and enhanse its beauty?Of course science till now cannot change bones, and create perfectly symmetrical skulls.And that is very crucial, because the shape of the bone determines symmetry and beauty in a big proportion.Noone can just make an ugly woman beautiful just by transplanting Claudia Schiffers skin, because the underlying bone will help the ugliness to stay there.
One other parameter of a faces attractiveness are the underlying muscles.No one has absolutely symmetrical muscles, because muscles from the dominant side are more used, and that leads to small asymmetries in left side and right side muscle fibers.I really wonder if someone can intervene in that with some techniques,and which are these, and create equal sided muscles.I also wonder if the creation of identical sized muscles on both sizes can enhance, even slightly, the beauty of a face.I think that studies must be made in that direction

a small trick to improve the rank of a country in football

When i was a young boy(like 7 or 8 years old), in my imagination i created an imaginary soccer league in USA, that was the best in the world.The best players in the world were playing there, and the level was so much higher than that of the rest of the world, that no player from the rest of the leagues could play there, no matter how good he was in the country he was playing, even if that country was Italy or Spain.It was something like NBA, but in soccer!!One of the biggest problem for the rest of the players to play there, was the fact that the courts were bigger,and just like in nba, the dimension of the courts were bigger.What happens in NBA? you shoot for the 3 point shot, almost 1 meter farther than the rest of the countries!Also the total length of the court is bigger.In my opinion, this is one of the most crucial factors that leaded to the superiority of NBA , compared to other leagues.The players were trying to adjust in more difficult courts, and so they became stronger, faster, and improved their technical skills better than their colleaques.The players of NBA became so much better than their collaques from all over the world, that gave NBA a great prestige.
Lets see now what happens in soccer.Currently soccer in USA is becoming more and more popular, and the level is raising.But still, its so far away from to be considered the best in the world.What can be done so the level of the league to be raised?One option is to spend a lot of money and tranfer famous players from all over the world to play in USA.Of course this will raise the level but you need a good level of native players too.According to my opinion, a good way is to raise a little bit the dimensions of the court(longer, wider, penalty spot farther, etc, just like basketball).When players of this league go to play in other courts(smaller) in other countries, it will be like playing in the playground.Of course the other teams will be more adjusted to these courts , but the superior players will be those that usually play in bigger courts.
One can say that by enlarging the courts, what we see will be more boring!But i wonder how boring are the games in barcelonas stadium or maracana, that are considered among the biggest stadiums in the world.Besides, players will adjust to such courts, and diminish their difficulties.Also , i think that the quality of the leaque is made of the quality of the players, and having the best players, makes the best league that everybody wants to watch.
Of course this can be a fact for every country.But i used USA because 1)of my childhood imagination, and2)because soccer in USA is a new stuff and its under construction, and its easier to make these changes.This can also be considered for some asian countries that want to build strong leagues and improve their level.

Τρίτη, 25 Νοεμβρίου 2008

do not try this at home

do not try this at home
A man in his near 30ies visited his doctor at a local medical center in Greece.His complaint was that he was suffering from a kind of anxiety while he was speaking with other people.He claimed that he had a kind of social phobia.He mentioned that he had a history with other kinds of phobias dyring the past years , but he said that none of them had a negative effect in the quality of his life.He said that he didn't have any problems in his childhood, and his parents were overprotected but they did not satisfy all of his favors. Actually they didn't satisfy not even half of them. This patient reported that this neurosis that he had , had a negative impact in his life.His first sexual experience was with a whore.After a conversation between the patient and the doctor, the patient was told that the reason of his neurosis , according to Freud, was a hidden desire that couldn't be satisfied.After a short period of time, dyring which the two of them were in close contact, the patient reported that he realized the existence of that desire but he said that it could not come out via the orgasm, but it remained inside and cause the neurosis. The doctor advised the patient to have an eye on that desire and try by himself to describe and obscure that desire.After a long period of time the patient went to the doctor and he reported that he had found the solution of his problem, and he was absolutely sure that it was the right one.According to the patient the reason for his neurosis was a desire that couldn't be satisfied because a certain point inside the penis had to be sexually stimulated, and propably that point was inside the urethra.The reason why he couldn't get rid of his sickness was because he didn't have any access to that point.Of course he didn't try any practice that would put him into danger to get an inflammation in his urinary system.If his claims are proved to be true for social phobia, maybe it would be proved to be useful for other kinds of neuroses as well, such as depression, etc.This could open a new pathway in the treatment of these entities……

what is life?all depends on the observer!!!

When somebody is studying the phenomenon of viruses ,he can see that when viruses are not coming in contact with a host organism, they are a sum of chemical compounds that not fulfill the criteria to be considered as life.While on the other hand they start reacting with a host, or in other words they start making chemical reactions with the compounds of the host,they become alive.The same thing happen with prions ,which are proteinaceous compounds that while they react with proteins of the host, they become alive in a way.....
Lets hypothesize that we make the hypothesis that:No living organism is possible to remain unchanged structurally.Lets hypothesize that this rule is principal in nature and nothing could go beyond it or prove that it is untrue.
What would that mean to the way that we see the world?
First of all lets make clear what we mean: An organism that would remain unchanged structurally dyring a very small period of time,would be considered as not living for that period. When we say unchanged we mean of course that there are not taking place chemical reaction inside it.Maybe there is a single cell inside an organism that is unchanged,but the rest of the cells are changing. We say then that this organism has a dead cell.,but the organism as a whole is alive.Maybe this cell would be able to regain life if it react with the appropriate signals. But maybe not.
If we want to see the consequences of our hypothesis in the nature we meet the question:what is the least that can be considered as life?For example, a mitochondrion can be considered life according to what we said, but a simple chemical molecule cannot,unless it reacts with another molecule or substance.At the moment of the reaction these two substances are the least that is considerd life.So, a simple chemical reaction as long as it happens ,is the simpliest form of life, or else, the sparkle of life.That means that the superior organisms as well as all the organism is a summation of chemical reactions.
The advantages of the hypethesis that we made is that we can explain successfully the prions and the viruses.
Another important consequence of the hypothesis is this:Living creatures are the sum of their chemical reactions as we said.While they are getting older,they are suffering a process that is called aging.They are changing especially structurally.Obviously they are getting different.That means that the chemical reactions that are composing their body,are different from that that were before.If the chemical reaction were remaining unchanged forever,then the body would be the same,and that means that the body would stay forever young and forever alive.
Lets see now a simple chemical reaction A+B—}C+D.Lets consider that C and D are gases and are expelled from the place of the reaction.The quantity of A and B will get lesser and lesser because they are becoming C and D,Or else they are suffering a chemical transformation.
Lets see now another chemical reaction:A+B---}C+D--}E+F
Lets consider that E and F are gasses.That means that the quantities of A,B,C,D will be lowering unless we put in the mixture exactly the quantities of A and B that is being transformed into C and D every moment.So there is an exact amount, as well as exact rhythm of adding A and B that would keep the reaction unchangeable.Lets consider now a very simple organism that is composed from the reactions :A+B--}C+D--}E+F…………--}Y+Z.Lets say that A and B are food supplements and Y and Z are compounds expelled from the organism.Of course the real organisms are much more complicated.If that organism eat theoretically a certain amount of food in acertain way, then the reactions of this organism would remained the same forever.[C,D,E,F……are all compounds of the organism.].If we didn't give the exact food ,then the reaction would change ,dependently on the how far we are from that ideal food .In the same manner we can say that all living organisms are a sum of chemical reactions that start with digestion,and end with the waste products of metabolism.
As a result we can say that in a theoretical basis,if an orgasism eated exactly a certain amount,quality and quantity of foods in acertain way,then it could prevent the changing of its reactions and as a result it could prevent the aging process,expanding its lifespan.Of course this is something very difficult to happen in real life because there are numerous things that plays their role and of course things are not that simple.
One important clue that suggests that what we said is true, is the recent discovery that living organisms that follow a calorie restricted diet,can expand their lifetime, in some cases as long as 60 per cent.This is not a proof that what we said is true,but it is positive to find that the changing of caloric menu has as a result a change in the lifespan.Perhaps a certain diet causes an ever greater expansion.It remains to be proved…………..
The new hypothesis also says that life existed before the first cell,in the form of chemical reaction.
Scientists have accepted that life was originated from a single cell,which was the first cell on earth, and composed the first thing that was a form of life. The evolution of this cell had as a result the formation of life the way that we know and see today. A problem with this idea is that, as we know, if we had just a single cell in earth right now, and out of it there was nothing, then not only this would not lead to the formation of more complicated forms of life,but this single cell soon would be dead.Despite of that,most scientists accept the single cell theory.The new theory that we introduced claims tha tit was not necessary to be a first single cell to start the evolutionary process that would lead to life as we know it today, but says that life preexisted , because even a single chemical reaction is a form of life.The creation of the first cell actually is the result of the existence of life.
Lets see now another problem: In the beginning, life on earth was simplier than today. That means that there was a system of chemical reactions that gave its place to a more complicated one.This sounds a bit strange because if a system of chemical reactions does not get energy from outside, leads to an equilibrium state. If we accept that our new theory is true, means that there had to be an external source of energy{probably the large quantities of energy that comes everyday on earth from the light of the sun that lead not only to the survival of the first forms of life, but also to their survival of the first forms of life, but also in their evolution.
As we said, living organisms are a summation of chemical reactions.What happens now when they die? There is a disorder in a system of reactions (for example brain necrosis, which means that in a large number of neural cells there is a stop in the reactions that happen there) that lead in a chain reaction way to a disorder in other reactions and then in others and so on.The final result is that there is a necrosis in the whole body, in a chain reaction way.
This means that if somebody with a magic way made all the chemical reactions of the body started working simultaneously,(or else there was an arousal of all the reactions and all were working again),we woud not have the chain reaction leading to death again, but the organism would gain life again.The question is with which way we would stimulate all the reactions simultaneously.This means that the source of this energy, would give the appropriate energy to the whole volume of the dead cell, with the right timing.One idea is the use of an appropriate form of electromagnetic waves.


1)Imagine that with the help of a sourse of light we cultivate in a way,some chemical reactions in a small place.After a period of time,they are getting more and more complicated.Lets hypothesize that someday the whole system becomes extremely complicated.We could not see nothing more but a mixture of colours and shapes.This is life.But human is a part of this complicated system which means that he sees thing in a mirror like way,because he is in the system.so it is very difficult for him to see life in an objective way.2)Nature does not promote a certain form of life,but what we see,is the result of the sum of the reactions that happened through history.



It is a big mistake not to mention that organisms that are programmed with the property of motion,have specific ch. reactions for that.This means that if these reactions are not used,the whole organism is facing a serious problem.so it is very unhealthy for someone not to exersize.
entropy of life
1)what is the difference between a man that is alive and a man that is dead?In both cases the body is consisted from the same elements and compounds.But in the first case these compounds are reacting with each other and the structure of the body changes every moment.In the second case the chemical reactions of the body are lead to an equillibrium and so the composition of the body remains unchanged.The structure of a dead man cannot change if there are not microorganisms in its environment.
2)The property of reproduction in living beings that are chemical reactions seems to actually be a result of the energy that forces the chemical reactions to continue happening.Life continues because chemical reactions continue.Reproduction seems to be one of the most ancient properties.
3)The relativity of entropy
What happens with the ntropy of living systems that are chemical reactions?The energy that comes externally on earth in the form of light could explain the lowering of entropy.However ,if in the beggining there where 2 or 3 reactions and after a while there are more and more ,and more complicated, seems that the entropy of the whole living system on earth or else nature, is raising.But remember that previously we said that human is not a neutral observer of things, but he is changing together with the system.This confuses him.What impact has that?It means that if humans entropy is raising slower than whole living natures entropy ,he will think that his entropy is lowering.Its something like relativity of motion.One exaple is this :Imagine a large number of birds that are flying one next to other to the same direction.If we tell them to fly one far from the other,so the group will start separating, the entropy of the system will start raising.Imagine also that there are three birds that are very close to each other,somewhere in the group.If they separate with less speed than the others and we consider these 3 birds as a system,the systems entropy will actually lower relatively with the whole system of the birds.

the illusion of life
1)living organisms normally are not dying because the chemical reactions that are composing them are continuing happening.if we analyze all these reactions we will have a very good view to their homeostasis.As we said we are seeing the world from the inside , or else in a mirror like direction, because we our selves are part of things, so we appreciate things from its results.We think that homeostasis is a very magical and perfect mechanism, because we are the result of homeostasis, but the theory that we analyzed says that homeostasis simply is the cataloge of the chemical reactions that are still happening, and just because they keep happening, the organism is alive.

2)the complex organic compounds that are composing living creatures probably are the results of many years of reactions, or else they are the fingerprints of the reactions from the beginning of all the reactions till today.

3)because human is a very complicated system of reactions that all depend from each other, its very loggical to say that it is almost impossible to treat compeletely a chronic disease with a single drug.The human body is not a car that we fix the part that is wrong and everything is ok.Instead, its reactions are so complicated, that (unless the illness is caused by a foreign agent e.g. a microbe, or by that lack of a substance that can be replaced), if there is a problem with a reaction this will lead to a chain reaction way problem to other reactions of the body as well.This mechanism is responsible for chronic diseases.The only way to treat compeletely this disease is to put back the initial reaction with the problem the way it was.Every other method will reduse symptoms, but not heal.Or it may theat a problem and create another.A good example for this is the treatment of high blood pressure or cholesterol.This are much more complicated that we though, that ever with the proper treatment of high blood pressure or cholesterol, we are not talking about healing, but for statistically significant improvement.Some studies also shows that there is no decrease in mortality even with the treatment of the risk factors.Another good example are rheumatic diseases.No complete cure exists.Drugs have many side effects.One hole is closed, and another is opened. Even in major diseases there is a big dissosiation between the pathogenetic mechanisms that are discovered and treatments.This diference will continue growing if we dont realize that the mechanism that organism works is more complicated.
4)lets come now to the position to answer if the spores that some microorganisms forms(e.g. cryptobiosis,anhydrobiosis etc) are living forms.If their metabolism is not zero, if it exists but it cant be detected because it is so weak, then they dont differ in anything from the other organisms.If their metabolism is absolute zero, then the answer gets more complicated.The fact is that it doesnt matter what it is, because the question is useless.Life as we see it is simply the result of the chemical reactions on earth.As we said ,we are part of the system and we dont realize it, but if we were alien forms of life for example, and we were watching the earth from outer space, then we would see only a very complicated network of reactions that are becoming more and more because of the energy of light.This system would have different structural forms, colours, etc.So, what happens with the spores is that because they face very unfriendly conditions ,the certain chemical reactions stop happening or they are lowering their rate.According to our definition, they are not life, but what is life?Life seems to be more an invention of us,or else a term that we use to describe anything that looks like us.There is not such a thing as life, its an illusion.An organism is the reactions that we see, and we think they are something amazing because we see them separately from all the other reactions that are happening in the world.We judge them from their reult, which is that they become like us.We are a part of the reactions that are happening as well, and while we see organisms that look like us, we think they are independent creatures, but actually they cant be separated from the whole soup of reactions.The spores are becoming as they were before because their reactions start happening, and they start looking like us.There is not such a thing as homeostasis.So tthe existence of their reaction gives the illusion that we called life.5)Another implication of the theory is that because the sum of the chemical reactions is a chain, it means that the cause of a disease maybe come from the organ that has the symptoms, but maybe not.An initial problem causes its irregularity, but depends of the vulnerability of each organ to see in which organ the symptom will be seen, because all the reactions communicate with each other, and when a problem exists its like a volcano and we dont know where will it explode.For example a psychic disorder can cause a problem from the liver for example..
continue from previous
Of course, when we are talking about chains of chemical reactions, we do not mean it in the simplistic way, that they are in a chain, and everything is happening in an order, where the formed substance goes to the next position to react with the next substrate etc. Things in nature are much more random, and it is difficult sometimes for us to detect which is the next step.One of the major difficulties are some passive phenomena that happen, such as plasma flow, passive diffusion through membranes because of difference in concentration, or electrical gradients, excretion throught ducts, etc.The latter are phenomena that happen passively ,due to the laws of nature and are not defining life, the way the chemical reactions do. To be more symbolical, they play the role that scientists play in a chemical lab:they transfer the substances from one tube to another, arrarge the conditions, etc.But the chemical reactions are the big difference.
Of course , if these movements that we are talking about were not there, we would not be the way we are.We are the results of all these , and so it is normal to think that if something was not the way it is, WE would not be there, the way we are!So we think that they are essential for us and everything was arranged perfectly, and if something was a bit different ,we would not be there, but as i told everything depends on who is the observer.We are a changing complex, and everything that happens lead to us.We see things from the opposite side though.It is like we are in a moving ship, and so we realize things differentl from someone who is standing in the port.Most of all we dont have a good sence of our own movement.If we were not in the living system, we would not find any reasoning for all the creatures on earth.Even if we were tables for example, we would think that the most perfect creatures are the tables.All depends on what is the observer.
Of course, the most important question is if we could prove or disprove this theory!Here is an interesting option:If we could make a total thyroi..omy to a healthy patient, and then, by giving him the exact amounts of thyroid hormone replacement therapy, that would allow us to have an optional treatment, and we could show that there was absolutely no increase in long term morbidity or mortality, actually we could disprove this theory that we mentioned ,because according to the latter, a disorder in a series of chemical reaction would not be able to be corrected only by administering just a substance that is part of the series of the reactions!The same thing would happen if we resected the hypophysis and after that we were giving the patient the exact amount of the hormones that the organism lacks.One the other hand, if it was proven that long term morbidity is impossible not to be raised, then the theory would either be prooved, or the thyroid gland serves another role in the organism, except in producing hormones, and thats why the health of the body is distracted even though there is no repletion , nor excess of thyroid hormones.Also, the theory says that there is no healthy organ that can be amputated and this would result in no change in the bodys function.Of course we are not talking about causing a disease, because the occurence of a harm in the organism is not synonym with illness, besause somebody can have problems in his body and only after years they will be obvious in the form of symptoms.